Amber is the stone of endurance, in both preservation and perseverance. It receives its name from the Arabic "anabaron". Because it is fossilized tree resin, amber is one of the few organic gems, and especially desirable pieces are known to include bits of organic matter such as bugs or plant life. Amber is also arguably man's earliest gemstone, being soft and workable mankind has used it for personal adornment since at least 9000 B.C, as it has been found in the form of beads in numerous graves from that era. It should also be noted that the name the Greeks gave amber "electron" yielded itself to both our modern word "electricity" because of the charge the substance takes when rubbed with a soft cloth; and the ancient "electrum" and alloy of gold and silver, primarily because of the similarity in color between the two materials.
               Amber was most prized as a protection from all forms of sorcery and witchcraft. There is a strong probablity that this is the reason it is included in the charm known as a "witches cord", that being a necklace or pendant of jet and amber. In addition there are a multitude of accounts in which the unique gem was credited with bestowing "invulnerability" upon the wearer, the most famous of which would be that of a cube of amber belonging to a certain Shah of Persia.

Colors:
Honey brown, but it ranges from yellow or white to red.                     
Locations:
Baltic Coast is most famous, though amber can be found in England, Italy, Mexico, and even New Jersey.
Composition:
C10H16O. Fossilized pine resin.
Hardness:
2 - 3


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