The word citrine comes from the Latin "citron" meaning lemon. It is actually a variety of yellow quartz, and owes its color to iron impurities. For all its uses in jewelry and decoration throughout the centuries there seems to be very little written on this semiprecious stone. Theoretically this may be because natural citrine is quite rare; the vast majority of citrine in jewelry today is actually heat-treated amethyst. Though there is also the possibility that it is actually the stone described as "yellow jacinth". Jacinth is a red zircon, but the ancients sometimes confused it with red quartz so it serves to reason that the same mistake could have been made for the citrine. The few legends I have found are almost identical with one difference I shall mention later.
               Both citrine and "yellow jacinth" are said to bring prosperity, no doubt due to their golden color. Both stones are also said to provide a strange protection from spells and witchcraft. Not so much in the sense of preventing their attack, but by undoing the charm or uncrossing the individual, through a series of gestures and symbols made with these stones. A pendant with tigereye and citrine is still prized in Mexico today, as a charm against brujas, or evil witches. However, there does seem to be one dramatic difference in these two stones, where the citrine is said to instill courage, the "yellow jacinth" is said to cause sleep.

Colors:
Pale yellow to deep orange.                     
Locations:
Brazil, Madagascar, Uruguay, USA and Russia
Composition:
Si02, Quartz family.
Hardness:
7


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