The word diamond comes from the Greek "adamastos" meaning unrelenting or unconquerable. It is the hardest natural substance known to man. This should not be confused with industrustability, as the hardness of the stone causes it to be much more brittle than a stone such as jade. Known today as the King of Gems, the diamond is crystallized carbon, and contrary to popular belief is not an extremely uncommon stone. In fact, the cost of the diamond can be solely attributed to cleaver marketing and monopolistic practices by major companies. Even its association with wedding rings is a quite modern practice, whereas prior to the last centaury, a stone such as the sapphire would have been a much more likely choice.
               This being said there are a lot of interesting legends associated with this stone. It is said to drive away all poisons when worn in a ring but the same accounts claim it to be of the most deadly poison if ingested, which we of course now know to be false. It is also said to replicate itself in the manner of organic organisms, umm…yea. We are also pretty sure this is incorrect as well and falls more into the category of wishful thinking. Another reoccurring theme seems to involve sorcery and phantoms to which this stone is said to defend against, however if one closely examines the legend and texts from which the supposition was drawn from it is not difficult to observe the ancients were in all likelihood speaking of the white corundum, or sapphire.
               The diamond actually has a some what nefarious history when it comes to folklore. The majority of its positive attributes are associated with its hardness, but a good many philosophers suggest that the stone is cursed and bad luck for any who bear it. Of the positive aspects the diamond is said to grant courage and victory to its wearer, but according to "Philosophi Opera Quaedam Lectu Digna" by Cardano, this fearlessness comes at a cost including duller senses and a slower wit. There are few virtues the diamond has not been said to bestow, but it is interesting to note that this stone is said to lose its virtues by sin and misdeed, and only by righting the wrong may its abilities be recovered. The diamond would also be rendered null if purchased, and only by being received as a gift could the stone regain its positive properties. Finally the Hebrew text, the Talmud, also speaks of the diamond's ability to discern truth and guilt.

Colors:
Diamonds can be found in almost every color.                     
Locations:
Africa, Canada, USA, South America
Composition:
C
Hardness:
10


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