Topaz receives its name from the Isle of Topazos, where it was first said to have been found. The lore of the topaz is sometimes confused with that of the peridot, as both were once known as topaz. Most of the familiar blue topaz on the market today is actually irradiated white topaz.
               Interestingly most of the lore concerning topaz involves the yellow variety, causing issue as during the medieval ages topaz was a lose term form many clear yellow stones, so it is more difficult to sort out which stone they are referring to. The soft glow of the yellow topaz was said to be masked by day but easier to observe at night, so according to legend the miners would search out the stones at dusk and mark the space to return during the daytime to collect them. Topaz was said to be a charm against sorcery and to increase the intelligence of those that wear it.
               The most amusing bit of information on this stone comes from its reported ability to cool things down. It used to be believed that if one were to throw a topaz into a kettle of boiling water, it would deprive it of heat and stop it from boiling. It was supposed to cool tempers and break fevers; perhaps this is because the more common white topaz, like quartz, appeared to be permanently frozen ice to our ancestors.

Colors:
Clear, Yellow, Blue, red                     
Locations:
Africa, Brazil, China, Mexico, Pakistan, Russia, and the USA
Composition:
Al2(F, OH)2SiO4
Hardness:
8


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