The Kheper is the old Egyptian name for the insect we now called a scarab, is a symbol of resurrection and rebirth. Its name literally translates as "to come forth into existence" or "becoming". This association is thought to stem from the fact that the beetles often laid their eggs in dead things and dung balls, thus the early Egyptians concluded that the scarab beetle was born from dead or nonliving matter.

This beetle also was associated with the sun, as the scarab was thought to push it through the sky during the day and through the underworld at night.
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